FUEL CHEMISTRY NEWS
Newsletter of the ACS Division of Fuel ChemistryVolume 76, No. 2 Summer 1997
It is again time for the election of Division officers. Please take this opportunity to voice
your opinion by electing new officers or re-electing current Division officers. These officers
will serve the Fuel Chemistry Division in 1998. Biographical information and statements
from the two candidates for the Chairman-elect position, along with the names and
positions of the other nominees are given later in this Newsletter. Your ballots and two
envelopes are also enclosed in this issue. All members, National Affiliates, and Division
Affiliates are eligible to vote. Your vote is very important, so please return your ballot to
the Division Secretary, Larry Anderson, as soon as possible. Your completed ballot needs
to be received by Friday, September 5, 1997.
Candidates for Chairman-Elect
Kathleen A. Carrado has been a research chemist at Argonne National Laboratory in the
Heavy Hydrocarbon Chemistry Group for the past ten years. Her research deals with the
synthesis and characterization of silicate-based minerals for use in heavy hydrocarbon
processing. The work has resulted in a patent on organo-clay templated synthesis and
dozens of articles on their characterization, chemistry, and catalysis. Recent work also
includes polymer-clay nanocomposites and the development of x-ray synchrotron
scattering methods for clay analysis. Katie is currently serving as 1997 Program Chair for
the Division of Fuel Chemistry, and is active in the Chicago local section of the ACS
(serving as chair of the Elementary Education Committee). She is also an associate editor
for the journal Clays and Clay Minerals. Katie received her Ph.D. in inorganic chemistry
from the University of Connecticut.
The energy and dedication of the members of the Executive Committee are among the
greatest assets of the
Division of Fuel Chemistry. The Chair of the division has the responsibility of fostering
and leading a constructive governance environment. The base for continuously providing a
productive core of people comes from the general division membership. It would be my
goal as Chair to explore ways of expanding this membership, reaching out to scientists who
have up to now considered our division as one that is primarily coal-based and therefore
perhaps not relevant to their interests.
As an inorganic chemist whose own work blurs the lines between traditional aspects of
materials chemistry, geochemistry, petroleum catalysis, and colloid chemistry, I can attest
to the fact that non-coal researchers can find a home in the Fuel Chemistry Division. One
emerging field that is rich in opportunity for the Division is the environmental side of fuel
chemistry. As an example, one of the ACS focal programming areas for the upcoming Las
Vegas meeting concerns environmental chemistry. Fully two-thirds (four out of six) of our
symposium topics are included in this list. Indeed, environmental issues have been an
emerging trend for our division, recently ranging from topics on carbons for environmental
clean-up to greenhouse gas mitigation.
Such topics have brought many new participants to our division's programming as
speakers and symposium organizers. We are not, however, very successful at recruiting
and retaining these potential members to our division. We need to identify why and find
solutions. Potential members need to be convinced of the benefits of joining, and we need
to address their concerns in our agenda. The reason why this is so critical is evident in the
Las Vegas meeting. An international meeting on coal science is being held in Germany
during the same week, and this has decimated participation by our core of active members.
Programming is at a minimum and executive committee meetings will be sparsely attended.
Given the fact that coal research budgets have been continuously declining, it is clear that
the future health and viability of the Fuel Chemistry Division depends on expanding its
membership base. This will also aid in supplying new and enthusiastic people as potential
symposium organizers and division officers well into the future.
John T. Riley is the John Robinson Professor of Chemistry at Western Kentucky
University and serves as the Director of the University's Materials Characterization
Center. The Center is an interdisciplinary group of 14 professors interested in conducting
research on fossil fuels, polymeric materials, and materials analysis.
John received his B.S. degree from Western and his Ph.D. in analytical and inorganic
chemistry from the University of Kentucky. His entire professional career has been at
Western, where he established the Coal and Fuel Laboratory and helped build the
Materials Characterization Center (formerly the Center for Coal Science). He is the
author of over 85 publications and has directed the thesis work of 21 graduate students and
the research of over twice as many undergraduate students. His research interests include
new methods of coal and fuels characterization, atomic spectroscopy, and trace element
John served as the 1996 Program Chair of the ACS Fuel Chemistry Division. He is an
active member of ASTM Committee D05 on Coal and Coke and serves as the chair of
Subcommittee D05.29 - Major, Minor, and Trace Elements in Coal and Residues. In 1997
he received the R.A. Glenn Award from this ASTM committee in recognition of his
long-standing contributions to the work of 300-member committee. He also is active in the
International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and currently serves as chairman of
Committee ISO/TC27/SC5 - Methods of Analysis of Solid Mineral Fuels. This committee is
responsible for developing the international standards for the analysis of solid mineral
fuels and residues from the utilization of these fuels. John has chaired meetings of this
group in Berlin (1993) and Beijing (1995) and in 1997 will chair the SC5 Committee
Meeting in Cape Town, South Africa. John serves on the Kentucky Science and
Technology Council and subcommittees actively promoting fossil fuel and material science
research in Kentucky and elsewhere. In 1995 he received the Kentucky Academy of
Science Distinguished Scientist Award for his scientific and professional contributions.
John's Statement: The Fuel Chemistry Division is moderately strong as is indicated by the
number of members and the number of papers presented at the national ACS meetings.
Although the membership roster is respectable, the number of members that participate in
the activities of the Division is limited. We need to get more members involved in these
activities. The implementation of the Strategic Plan for the Division is one way this can be
accomplished. The formation of committees for program planning, publications, public
outreach, foreign membership, and finances will draw more members into the governance
of the Division. A strong group of officers is needed now to implement the Strategic Plan
and give it the best possible chance to work for the division.
We are all aware of the decline in funding for fossil fuel research that has been going on for
several years. Realistically, we have to accept the fact that future funding for traditional
areas of fossil fuel research, such as liquefaction, gasification, combustion, etc., is not likely
to increase. Some of our members have used these difficult times to become more creative
and initiate research that is more responsive to the general public as a means of attracting
funding. As a result of these activities, there is a great deal of fossil fuel-related research
that has not yet been given a national/international forum for presentation. Program
chairs for the last four national meetings have been very successful in encouraging the
organization of symposia with environmental and/or material science themes as well as
traditional fossil fuel themes. As a result, there have been record numbers of papers
presented in the Fuel Chemistry Division sessions. The San Francisco, New Orleans,
Orlando, and Chicago Meetings had the 1st, 2nd, 5th, and 3rd largest number of papers in the
75 year history of the Division. These meetings also attracted a large number of papers
from foreign professionals, which offers potential for strengthening the Division. This
activity comes at a time when funding for fossil fuel research is declining. There is a lot of
fossil-fuel related research out there that needs a forum for presentation and discussion.
The Fuel Chemistry Division should actively recruit these papers through careful planning
and selection of symposia topics and cooperative work with other divisions. We also need
to promote the diversification of our research efforts and get more involved in the overall
The Fuel Chemistry Division is in a unique situation. Some traditional boundaries between
scientific disciplines and even between divisions within a discipline are beginning to fall in
favor of interdisciplinary research. Several federal agencies have started to encourage
interdisciplinary research through new programs promoting cooperation among academic
and industrial scientists and engineers. This is being done as a way of supporting research
that is more relevant and more easily accepted by the general public. The members of the
Fuel Chemistry Division are already doing this type of research, but we do not always take
advantage of the opportunities to discuss and promote our work in front of the general
public. The public outreach committee needs to become more active in promoting the
Jerry Huffman recently sent this letter to his U.S. congressman from Kentucky. He urges
all Fuel Chemistry Division members to send a comparable letter to their congressman.
The Fuel Chemistry Division of the American Chemical Society is the principal
professional organization of scientists and engineers in the U.S. concerned with research
and technology development in the area of non-petroleum fossil fuels. Currently, we
represent 1,000 members. As Chairman of the Fuel Chemistry Division, I would like to
express our opposition to recent efforts in Congress to drastically reduce or even eliminate
funding for fossil energy research from the DOE budget. It is particularly insidious that
these attacks on the fossil energy budget are being done in the name of the environment.
With no justification or facts to back up their claims, groups such as the so-called "green
scissors" organization have attracted media attention and the support of Congressmen who
are in need of a better understanding of the energy supply situation in the United States.
Their claims that renewable sources of energy, such as solar power, energy derived from
rapidly growing plants, or wind-generated power, can readily replace fossil energy derived
from coal, natural gas, and oil are completely unrealistic. Currently, these "renewables"
provide only about two percent of our nation's total energy. While the Fuel Chemistry
Division supports research on renewable sources of energy, it is a fantasy to imagine that
they could replace fossil energy sources anytime in the foreseeable future.
Therefore, we strongly urge you not to cut, but to enhance fossil energy research funding.
Topics of national importance that require intensive investigation over the next decade
include the following: Reduction of hazardous air pollutants - Great strides have already
been made by fossil energy research in reducing sulfur dioxide and ash emissions from coal
and oil combustion over the past 10 years. Current research is focused on reducing
emissions of nitrogen oxides and potentially hazardous trace metals, such as mercury and
arsenic. Improved fuel efficiency and CO2 reductions - Combined cycle power generation
from coal promises to improve fuel efficiency by as much as 70%. This is a direct
outgrowth of fossil energy research that could preserve our energy reserves, markedly
reduce CO2 emissions, and produce a major market for U.S. technology overseas.
Development of a new domestic source of oil - Currently, we import over half of our oil.
This is the biggest item in our trade imbalance, accounting for approximately $70 billion.
Research on the production of synthetic oil from coal and waste polymers, such as tires and
plastics, has made great strides in recent years. Continued research could make oil
produced from these sources competitive in price with imported oil within 5-10 years.
Finally, we would like to note that further cuts of the fossil energy budget will have a
devastating effect on the training of the next generation of fossil energy scientists and
engineers. Funding for fossil energy research has already been significantly reduced over
the past fifteen years and further reductions will undoubtedly force many scientists out of
For all these reasons, we urge you to oppose any movements to further reduce the fossil
energy research budget, either in committee or on the floor. Your support in this matter
will be greatly appreciated.
Gerald P. Huffman, Chair
Fuel Chemistry Division
American Chemical Society
FETC, An Innovative, Customer-Focused Federal Organization
The paradigm of the stodgy, bureaucratic federal government is changing in response to
downsizing pressures on federal employee numbers and budget pressures on contractor
employee numbers. Many federal organizations are finding innovative ways of adapting to
this new reality. While some simply cut back on services, others are taking the opposite
approach and are, in fact, increasing the quantity and quality of their services. By
improving customer service, federal organizations are attempting to generate customer
support for their missions and demonstrate the value of the organization.
Entrepreneurial characteristics that are so familiar to private industry are becoming a part
of the new paradigm for government organizations. These organizations are drawing upon
these entrepreneurial characteristics to find new ways of providing products and services
to their customers. And, in some cases, these organizations are looking for new products
and services to create new business lines for the organization. This innovation is often the
result of teaming, process improvement and innovation, employee empowerment, and the
use of new technologies.
The Federal Energy Technology Center (FETC) is one of these emerging government
organizations that is nurturing the entrepreneurial spirit of both the organization and
individual employees to create a new level of expectation for government service.
The Creation of FETC
In the fall of 1994, the Department of Energy formed the Strategic Alignment Initiative
task force to review the mission and operations of the department and to identify better,
more cost-effective means of performing the core missions defined in the Department of
Energy strategic plan. Part of their study was a review of the two field Energy Technology
Centers, and identification of where cost savings could occur. They concluded that by
consolidating the administrative and management functions at two Centers, 90 federal full
time equivalent employees could be eliminated.
A team of management and labor representatives from Morgantown and Pittsburgh was
formed to develop a plan for this organizational reform. This team outlined the major
programmatic and organizational benefits of consolidating the two sites. Specifically, they
planned that the merged Center would be more capable, diverse, and cost-effective than the
individual Centers, and would provide a single point of contact for stakeholders and
customers in fossil fuels and related energy technologies. Working together to serve these
customers would eliminate the budget and programmatic competition that had existed
previously between the two Centers. Consolidation also meant major cost savings because
of reduced federal employment and significantly reduced contractor support.
Rita Bajura was named Director of the new Center in November 1997, and on December 2,
1997, the new Federal Energy Technology Center was "created."
Bajura recognized that the new Center had to be formed as quickly as possible. Several
sound business practices ensured the success of the consolidation and the new stronger,
Bajura immediately chartered a FETC Consolidation Team to provide oversight and
coordination for all consolidation activities; the Team deliverable was a functional new
FETC organization by February 14, 1997.
The new organization structure consisted of only two organizational levels: offices and
divisions. Mission and vision statements were developed for each office and division.
Virtually all FETC employees were assigned to a division. All employees were encouraged
to apply for up to three leadership and management positions, and then for up to three
division positions. Careful consideration was given to individual preferences as well as
organizational needs. The final consolidation was announced to all employees on February
4, 1997. The final flattened organization had an employee-to-supervisor ratio of 15 to 1,
and each division had employees at both sites. Consolidation activities and progress were
effectively communicated to all employees; all consolidation activities were completed on
schedule; and employees were efficiently relocated in the vicinity of their new divisions.
The geographical separation of the two sites and the high employee-to-supervisor ratio
meant that leaders had to empower employees since there simply was no opportunity for
micromanagement. In turn, the employees had to be held accountable. Employee
empowerment and accompanying accountability are essential elements for an organization
to be able to quickly respond to customers needs.
Programs and services were organized along business sectors and product lines. FETC's
products are the technology solutions that facilitate the implementation of desirable energy
and environmental policy options. Product teams are responsible for outreach and
planning activities and budget allocations, and each product team is led by a Product
Manager. The Product Manager acts primarily as the chair of a matrixed product team of
8 to 10 people from across FETC.
Teams maximize the productivity of FETC, the quality of FETC's products, and FETC's
responsiveness to customers needs. New teams are continually formed to develop new
FETC processes: for example, the FETC Organizational Measurement Team is developing
a new organizational effectiveness measurement system.
FETC is also partnering and teaming with the local union. Representatives from the union
were part of the consolidation process, and union members continue to be involved in
day-to-day decision making and weekly senior staff meetings. An interim Labor
Management Partnership Council was formed to resolve any issues relating to the new
employee positions and the new product teams and process teams.
FETC's seven core competencies combine to make a strong organization that includes some
new areas of expertise:
New business areas will build on the core competencies and will attract customers who will
pay for FETC's services. This continued search for new business will assist FETC in
becoming a successful business organization.
FETC's organization is customer focused. Senior managers build relationships with key
customers, and the Product Teams market the products to the customers. As part of the
strategic planning process, senior managers identify FETC's key customers and their
requirements, and product teams develop the product lines to meet customers'
requirements and begin to market the product lines to the customers. And all employees
work toward the common goal of customer satisfaction and retention.
FETC is committed to being a cost-effective, high quality, high performing organization.
The FETC is using the President's Quality Award criteria to guide the strategic planning
process, and the criteria to measure success.
By tapping the creativity of employees through extensive teaming, FETC has rapidly
emerged as a responsive, customer-oriented organization. FETC is an example of a Federal
organization that has changed the paradigm of the stodgy, bureaucratic federal
government to one that is innovative, responsive to customers, and committed to quality.
This could not happen without the flattened, outward-focused organization structure and
the empowerment of employees. FETC is one of these emerging government organizations
that is nurturing the entrepreneurial spirit of both the organization and individual
employees to create a new level of expectation for government service.
One simply cannot let the highly successful spring Fuel Chemistry Division meeting in San
Francisco pass without some comments and congratulations. First of all, the overall record
ACS attendance spilled over into all of the technical divisions, ours included. FUEL had a
record setting number of papers published in the preprints at 155. A large factor in this
high number was the fantastic effort put forth by our symposium organizers. Drs. A. C.
Buchanan, III, Phil Britt and Phil Savage started the week early Sunday morning with the
4-session series on "Reaction Mechanisms in Fuel Processing", a timely and premier look
at the current status of this topic. Drs. Bob Warzinski and Gerald Holder staged a popular
and technically-excellent symposium on "Gas Hydrates", a new and entirely appropriate
topic for our division. This 4-session series was preceded by a press conference and a
tutorial by Dr. Sloan, Jr. of the Colorado School of Mine's Center for Hydrate Research.
Later in the week "Clean Fuels", organized by Drs. Ed Kugler and Gary Stiegel, had full
audiences throughout its 5-session series and had significant industrial participation,
showing the economic relevance of this topic to our division. Drs. George Cody and Eric
Suuberg held what turned out to be an international symposium on "The Physical and
Chemical Structures of Coals and Carbonaceous Solids" for nearly half of the
contributions to this 4-session series were from Japan. The organizers will likely publish a
book based on the talks presented here because the coverage was so timely and
comprehensive. We also held a symposium co-sponsored by the Petroleum Division on
"Asphaltene and Resid Characterization", organized for us by Drs. Jerry Hunt and Eric
Sheu, that was both highly attended and had significant international participation as well
(notably, from Russia and Venezuela). Finally, our 1997 Storch Award winner, Dr. Frank
Derbyshire, is to be commended for organizing an award symposium that flowed nicely
from the history of coal liquefaction to ground-breaking new advances in carbon materials
derived from coal.
Even our participation at the lively poster-mixer event Sci-Mix was at record levels. Nearly
all of our Glenn Award nominees for best paper in the Fuel Division elected to present their
work additionally as posters, and I'd like to extend our thanks to them. We had nearly 20
nominees for this award, representing a cross-section of all the symposia. The task of
selecting just one winner from this elite group will be a daunting one. The sizable
attendance was reflected in other areas as well. Even our normally sparsely-attended
business meeting drew a considerable crowd this time. We also held one of the largest
dinner banquets ever for our division. Approximately 85 people enjoyed each other's
company and the splendid views of the bay at scenic Sinbad's restaurant. We have Dr.
Mohammed Fatemi and Dr. Parviz Rahimi to thank for arranging this wonderful event.
Please check out below for some photographs of this. The Fuel Chemistry desk was quite
popular at the meeting as well. We actually sold out of our preprints and garnered many
new members. We extend our thanks to "Helen", the indispensable and very capable
temporary staff person we hired to help us out at the desk. Overall, the quality of scientific
presentations, the quantity of professional interactions, and the social events within the
ambiance of this wonderful city combined to make this a meeting well worth remembering
for a long time to come.
Submitted by K. A. Carrado, 1997 Program Chair.
In 1956, the Division of Fuel Chemstry, in cooperation with Bituminous Coal Research,
Inc., established an award to recognize outstanding papers presented at Division Symposia.
In 1972, the award was named in honor of Richard A. Glenn, who served as Assistant
Director of Research at Bituminous Coal Research, Inc. and as Chairman of the Fuel
Chemistry Division in 1960. All papers presented at Fuel Chemistry Division symposia are
eligible for this award. Session chairs review the papers in their sessions and select about
one paper for every every ten submitted that they feel are are the most innovative and
interesting. A selection committee then reads all of the papers and attends the
presentations of those papers at the meeting. Based on the oral presentation, technical
subject matter, and the quality of the preprint, the committee selects a paper to receive the
R.A. Glenn Award.
Excellent symposia and papers were presented at the San Francisco ACS meeting. The
selection committee chose the presentation and paper of Laura Stern, Stephen Kirby (both
from the U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo, CA) and William Durham (from Lawrence
Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA), "Synthesis of Polycrystalline Methane
Hydrate and Its Phase Stability and Mechanical Properties at Elevated Pressure," ACS
Preprints Vol. 42, No. 2, 544-550. The award, which consists of a plaque for each author
and a $300 check to be divided by the authors, will be presented at our Division dinner, to
be held on Tuesday evening (September 9th) at Yolie's Brazilian Steak & Seafood
restaurant in Las Vegas.
VIVA LAS VEGAS, SEPTEMBER 8-11, 1997
The Las Vegas meeting will feature one large symposium and several mini-symposia on a
variety of topics. An overwhelming majority of the talks can be considered as
environmentally-driven research. Five of the seven symposia are, in fact, clustered in the
ACS focal area of programming called "Environmental Remediation and Restoration
Chemistry". In case you haven't yet heard, this meeting is in fact just four days long due to
hotel block-outs (programming will begin Monday morning and continue through
Thursday afternoon). In addition to technical programming, opportunities for more social
interactions with your fellow division members will also be provided.
Feedstock Recycling of Waste Polymers (organized by E. Eyring and J. Zondlo) is a
4-session symposium that will highlight work on the catalytic degradation of waste plastics,
reaction kinetics of waste plastic processing, and the coprocessing of coal with waste
plastics and tires. D. Stoner and M. Leavitt have organized a symposium on The
Degradative Processes of Fuels in the Environment and C. Lafferty will host Carbons for
Advanced Energy & Environmental Applications. Continuing the environmental theme is a
symposium organized by R. White and T. Risby on Fuels, Emissions, and Toxicity; we are
pleased to co-sponsor this with the probationary Division of Chemical Toxicology. In
addition to these, the FUEL/PETR/ENVR symposium on Catalysis in Fuel Processing and
Environmental Protection will be hosted by PETR. Finally, there will be symposia on
Analytical Techniques in Fuel Chemistry (organized by S. Eser and D. Wertz) and The
Impact of Trace Elements and Ash Composition in Fuel Utilization, Boiler Performance, and
Combustion Byproducts(organized by M. Chou and J. Lytle).
Members attending the Las Vegas meeting are also invited to participate in other Fuel
Division activities. The Business Meeting will be held on September 9th immediately
following the morning's sessions. The is the place to find out the current issues relevant to
the division, and to voice your input. The social Divisional Dinner will be held on Tuesday
evening (September 9th) at Yolie's Brazilian Steak & Seafood (tickets are $35). Please visit
the Fuel Division table which will be stationed near the technical meeting rooms. There
you can receive information regarding membership, future meetings and symposia,
preprints, division activities, etc.
Nearly all of the top 10% of the papers that have been nominated for the Glenn Award
(best paper award) have elected to present their work additionally as a poster in the
Sci-Mix event. There are a few other FUEL contributions here as well. Please attend to
lend them your support and to view the representative sampling provided by other
divisions. This event occurs on Monday evening.
Vegas Program At-A-Glance:
Monday, September 8
Feedstock Recycling of Waste Polymers
Catalytic Degradation of Waste Plastics
Reactions and Kinetics of Waste Plastic Processing
Degradative Processes of Fuels in the Environment
Sci-Mix poster event
Tuesday, September 9
Feedstock Recycling of Waste Polymers
Coprocessing of Coal and Tires
Coprocessing of Waste Plastics and Coal
Fuels, Emissions, and Toxicity
Wednesday, April 16
Impact of Trace Elements and Ash Composition in Fuel Utilizaiton, Boiler Performance, and Combustion Byproduct Properties
Analytical Techniques in Fuel Chemistry
Thursday, April 17
Carbons for Advanced Energy & Environmental Applications
Analytical Techniques in Fuel Chemistry
Symposia at Future Meetings
The symposia and session chairs for the 1998 National Meetings are listed in this
newsletter. There is still room for a few more good symposiums at our future meetings. Do
you know of a good topic for a Fuel Chemistry symposium? Would you like to be a
Symposium Chair? Do you know someone else who might be a good candidate? Please
help identify these individuals to use their talent for the further advancement of the
Division. Please contact one of the Executive Committee members if you or anyone you
know would be interested in organizing a symposium.
DALLAS, March 29 - April 2, 1998
Program Chairs: Mohammad Fatemi, Amoco Corporation, Texas City Refinery, 2401 Fifth
Ave. South, P.O. Box 401, Texas City, TX 77592-0401, 409-943-2367, fax 409-943-2389,
smfatemi@amoco. com. Parviz Rahimi, National Center for Upgrading Technology, One
Oil Patch Drive, P.O. Box 1280, Devon, Alberta, Canada TOC 1E0, 403-987-8708, fax
Stability & Oxidation Chemistry of Fuels. Dennis Hardy, Naval Research Laboratory, Code 6180, Washington DC, 20375-5342, 202-767-3559, FAX 767-1716; George Mushrush, George Mason University, Department of Chemistry, MS 3E2, Fairfax, VA, 22030, 703-993-1080, FAX 703-993-1387.
Applications of Oil Chemistry in Exploration & Production - Past, Present & Future.
Robert McNeil, Shell E&P Technology Co., Bellaire Technology Center, P.O. Box 481,
Houston, TX 77001, 713-245-7649, FAX 245-7599; W Owen BeMent, SIEP BV, Research &
Technical Services, P.O. Box 60, 2280 AB, Rijswijk, The Netherlands, 31-70-311-2973, FAX
31-70-311-2693. (Co-sponsors GEOC/PETR)
Value Added Products From Hydrocarbon Streams. Michael Oballa, Nova Research &
Technology Corporation, 2928 16th Street, N.E. Calgary, Canada T2E 7K7, 403-250-4757,
FAX 250-0621; Mark Gattuso, UOP, 25 East Alonguin Road, P.O. Box 5017, Des Plaines,
IL 60017-5017, 847-391-2445, FAX 847-635-8470.
On-Line Analytical Techniques for Fuel Processing/Characterization. Rick Pauls, Amoco
Corporation, Texas City Refinery, 2401 Fifth Avenue South, P.O. Box 401, Texas City, TX
77592-0401, 409-945-1527, FAX 409-945-1576; Ernie Baughman, Orbital Sciences
Corporation, 2771 North Garey Ave., Pomona, CA, 91769-2801, P.O. Box 2801,
909-593-3581, FAX. 593-5297 (Co-sponsors ANAL/PETR)
Combustion Chemistry of Different Fuels. Sarma Pisupati, Penn State University, 404
Academic Activities Building, University Park, PA 16802-2308, 814-865-0874, FAX
865-8892; John Chen, North Carolina A&T University, Department of Mech. Eng., 1601 E.
Market Street, Greensboro NC 27411, 910-334-7620 (Ext. 323), FAX 334-7417.
Oxygenated Fuels. Jim Story, Amoco Corporation, Amoco Research Center, 150 West
Warrenville Road, P.O. Box 3011, Naperville, IL 60566-7011, 630-961-7795, FAX 961-6250;
Cherlyn Bradley,Amoco Corporation, Amoco Research Center, 150 West Warrenville
Road, P.O. Box 3011, Naperville, IL 60566-7011, 630-420-5216, FAX 420-5016.
Storch Award Symposium. Organized by the Award Winner.
75th Anniversary of the FUEL Division. Donald Cronauer, Argonne National Laboratory,
9700 S. Cass Ave., CHM/200, Argonne, IL 60439, 630-252-4121, FAX 252-9288; Martin
Schlesinger, 4766 Wallingford St., Pittsburgh, PA 15213-1712, 412-681-1655.
General Papers. M. Fatemi and P. Rahimi.
W(h)ther the Oil Industry. Geoffrey Dolbear, G. E. Dolbear & Associates, 23050 Aspen
Knoll Dr., Diamond Bar, CA 91765-2545, 909-861-8934, FAX 861-5983. PETR/FUEL
Development of On-Line Monitoring of Refining Processes. PETR/FUEL - See Petroleum
Division for more details.
BOSTON, MA, August 23-27, 1998
Fuels for the Year 2000 & Beyond. Craig Fairbridge, National Center for Upgrading
Technology, One Oil Patch Drive, P.O. Box 1280, Devon, Alberta, Canada T0C 1E0,
403-987-8697, FAX 987-5349; Steve Benson, Energy & Environmental Research Center,
University of North Dakota, 15 N. 23rd St., P.O. Box 9018, Grand Forks, ND 58202,
701-777-5177, FAX 777-5181.
Novel Upgrading Techniques in Fuel Processing.Ceaser Ovallas, INTEVEP, S.A.,
Departamento de Refinacion Catalisis, Los Teques, Edo, Miranda, Apdo, 76343 Caracas
1070A, Venezuela, 011-582-908-6991, FAX 908-6527; David Storm, Texaco, P.O. Box 509,
Beacon, NY 12508, 914-838-7660, FAX 838-7102. (Co-sponsor PETR)
The Chemistry of Carbon in Coal Fly Ash Formation, Control and Utilization. Eric
Suuberg, Division of Engineering, Box D, Brown Univ., Providence, RI 02912,
401-863-1420, FAX 863-1157; Robert Hurt, Division of Engineering, Box D, Brown Univ.,
Providence, RI 02912, 401-863-2685, FAX 863-1157.
New Technology/Development for Energy Storage. Massoud Rostam-Abadi, Illinois State
Geological Survey, 615 East Peabody Dr., Champaign, IL 61802, 217-244-4977, FAX
333-8566. Craig Chang, Allied-Signal Inc. 50 E. Algonquin Rd. Des Plaines, IL 60017,
847-391-3084, FAX 847-391-3832, chang @dstmp001.research.allied.com. Venki Raman,
Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., Lehigh Valley, PA 18002-5780, 610-481-7154, FAX
Reactor & Reaction Modeling. Zbigniew Ring, National Center for Upgrading
Technology, One Oil Patch Drive, P.O. Box 1280, Devon, Alberta, Canada T0C 1E0,
403-987-8697, FAX 987-5349; Michael Hu, Honeywell Hi-Spec Solutions, 325 Rolling Oaks
Dr., Thousand Oaks, CA 91361-1266, 805-496-6661, FAX 805-373-5108.
Modified Asphalts. Mohammed Mamon, Federal Highway Administration, 6300
Georgetown Pike, McLean, VA 22101-2296, 703-285-2430, FAX 285-2950; Brian Chollar,
Federal Highway Administration, 6300 Georgetown Pike, McLean, VA 22101-2296,
703-285-2342, FAX 285-2950. (Co-sponsor PETR)
Production and Use of Carbon-Based Materials for Environmental Cleanup. Anthony
Lizzio, Illinois State Geological Survey, 615 E. Peabody Dr., Champaign, IL 61820,
217-244-4985, FAX 217-333-8566; Nicholas Pollack, Calgon Carbon Corporation, P.O. Box
717, Pittsburgh, PA 15230, 412-787-4785, FAX 412-787-6607; Marit Jagtoyen, Center for
Applied Energy Research, 3572 Iron Works Pike, Lexington, KY 40511, 606-257-0213,
Microscopic Studies of Coal and Carbon. Ilham Demir, Illinois State Geological Survey,
615 East Peabody Dr., Champaign, IL 61820, 217-244-0863, FAX 217-333-2830; Anthony
Lizzio, Illinois State Geological Survey, 615 East Peabody Dr., Champaign, IL 61820,
217-244-4985, FAX 217-333-8566.
General Papers. M. Fatemi and P. Rahimi.
Environmental Impact of Fossil Fuel Utilization. Karen Katrinak, Energy &
Environmental Research Center, University of North Dakota, 15 N. 23rd St., P.O. Box
9018, Grand Forks, ND 58202, 701-777-5283, FAX 777-5181; Sarma Pisupati, Penn State
University, 404 Academic Activities Building, University Park, PA 16802-2308,
814-865-0874, FAX 814-865-8892. ENVR/ FUEL/PETR
Diesel Fuel. Jim Burrington,... FUEL/PETR
ANAHEIM, March 21-25, 1999
Program Chairman: James Franz, Batelle, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, P.O.
Box 999, Richland, WA 99352, 509-375-2967, FAX 509-375-2186, email@example.com.
Methane and Hydrocarbon Oxidation
Advances in Chemistry and Structure of Renewable Resources
Chemistry of Reactive Intermediates in Hydrocarbon Conversion
New Catalysts for Hydrogenation and Hydro-cracking of Fuels
Role of Water and Minerals in Kerogen Maturation
Storch Award Symposium
NEW ORLEANS, August 22-26, 1999
Program Chairman: James Franz
High-Pressure/Temperature Chemistry of Water
Hydrogen Production, Storage, and Utilization
Alternate Hydrocarbon Sources of Pitch and Car-bon Materials
Chemical Properties and Upgrading of Resids
Spectroscopy of Fuels
LAS VEGAS, March 26-31, 2000
Program Chair: Frank E. Huggins, 533 South Lime-stone Street, Suite 111, University of
Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, 606-257-4045, fax 606-257- 7215,
1990 Clean Air Act Amendments - A Ten Year Assessment
WASHINGTON, August 20-25, 2000
Program Chair: Frank E. Huggins.
Fuel Chemistry in the Year 2000 - Past and Future
Other Conferences and Symposia of Interest
The Fifth Chemical Congress of North America, sponsored by the Sociedad Quimica de
Mexico, the American Chemical Society and the Canadian Society for Chemistry, will be
held November 11-15, 1997 in Cancun, Mexico. Papers will be presented in 13 topical
areas which include: Energy/Industrial/Applied Engineering, Environement, Special
Topics in Organic, Inorganic, Physical and Analytical Chemistry. Papers will be presented
in five minute oral presentations followed by a traditional poster display. A copy of the
Congress abstract form can be obtained at firstname.lastname@example.org. Travel grants may be
possible for those within 10 years of receipt of a Ph.D. The Congress will also feature
special scientific events, including plenary lectures and an exposition of chemical products
The American Chemical Society, Canadian Society for Chemistry, Chemical Society of
Japan, New Zealand Society for Chemistry, and the Royal Australian Chemical Society will
co-sponsor, with participation from other societies located in Pacific Rim countries, the
fourth in the success "Pacifichem" series. The first of several deadlines for symposium
proposals is September 30, 1997. The submittal form and instructions are now available
from ACS Meetings, 202-872-4397, email@example.com, http://www.acs. org/meetings.
Completed forms should be returned to Chemical Society of Japan, 1,5 Kanda-Surugadai,
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101 Japan, FAX 3-3292-6318 or American Chemical Society, 1155-16th
St. N.W., Washington D.C. 20036 USA, FAX 202-872-6128.
The 5th International Activated Carbon Conference will be held in Pittsburgh, PA on
September 17-18, 1997. Absracts should be submitted to Henry Nowicki, PACS Inc., 409
Meade Dr., Coraopolis, PA 15108,412-457-6576, FAX 412-457-1214 hnpacs.@aol.com.
Eurocarbon '98 Conference will be held in Strasbourg, France, Jointly organized by the
German and French Carbon Groups. Further details to be announced.
Chemistry Division Preprints
As a member of the Division of Fuel Chemistry, you will receive all four preprint issues for
less than the single-issue cost to a non-member. By participating in divisional symposia,
you will be in touch with other active researchers in the forefront of energy and fuels
research. Discounted memberships are available for students and non-ACS members can
become affiliates for a modest fee.
Each of us should receive the preprints before the National Meetings if everything goes as
planned. We set up our schedule with a series of deadlines to see that each step is carried
out in time to see that your preprints arrive on time. The first step involves submission of
the manuscripts to your Symposia Chairs. Their job includes placing the manuscripts in
proper order, checking to see that the authors have followed the guidelines, including
penciling in an author's last name and a fraction like 1/6 indicating page 1 of 6 for the
manuscript on the upper left corner of each page. The manuscripts are placed in proper
order and forwarded to the Program Chair. The Chair assembles the manuscripts after
checking to see that guidelines have been followed. It takes about a week for each of
these steps since we are all volunteers and have to work this into schedules which are
already reasonably full. The Chair then forwards them to a secretary who prepares the
Table of Contents and Author Index. This also takes at least a week. The assembled
manuscripts and other materials are carefully sequenced and shipped to our publisher.
The publisher's turnaround time is about six weeks. Our goal is to mail preprints about
4-5 weeks before the meeting.
It is not hard to see what happens when a manuscript is late. A relatively simple task of
checking, receiving the manuscript, checking and inserting into the right place can
easily take a half hour of a volunteer's time. By working together to meet the deadlines,
and advising the next person in the sequence as early as possible about potential problems
we can be considerate and help keep the tasks moving in a comfortable fashion. We
appreciate all of your help on this.
Each Division has one or more Councilors based on the size of the Division. Fuel
Chemistry has two: Don McMillen and Karl Vorres. The 3-year terms are staggered so
that there is some continuity of service. Karl's term is from 1996-1998, and Don's is
from 1997-1999. We also elect an Alternate Councilor to serve in case one of the
Councilors cannot attend a National Meeting. Ripu Malhotra is serving a term from
The Councilors serve at least three functions: represent the Division at the Council
meetings held on Wednesdays at the National Meetings, advise the Division through the
Executive Committee of forthcoming petitions to be considered at the Council Meetings so
that the votes can represent our views, and to serve on the Committees that help operate
the Society. Don is sitting in on an Environmental Committee and Karl has been
serving on the Divisional Activities Committee for the last four years.
Before each National Meeting each of the about 500 Councilors receives an agenda book
of about 200 pages. This is mostly a series of reports from all of the Committees, Task
Forces and other groups which carry out significant efforts for or on behalf of the Society.
Some of these reports are coupled with petitions for Consideration. If considered
favorably, these petitions will be brought up for a vote at the following Council meeting.
Currently we are expecting to vote on a petition to amend Bylaw X of the ACS. A recent
suggestion that the ACS affiliate with a limited membership, commercial, for profit
consortium generated much debate and controversy within the Society. This amendment
clarifies the intent of the Bylaw, and would prevent such con troversies in the future.
Another petition up for a vote would revise the duties of the Membership Affairs
Committee. The Committee felt that the current charter places undue emphasis on certain
functions of the Committees and others are inadequately represented. You can reach
councilors by email at the following addresses:
firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com
Vote on Change in Term of Office for Division Secretary and Treasurer
At the last Executive Committee meeting in San Francisco, it was proposed that the terms
of office for the Secretary and Treasurer be changed from two years to three years.
However, in order to officially do this, members of the Fuel Chemistry Division must be
informed and should vote on the ammendment at our next Business Meeting in Las Vegas,
which will be held on Tuesday, September 9, immediately following the morning sessions.
Fuel Division Member Benefits
The Division of Fuel Chemistry provides a forum for presentation and discussion of
fuels-related chemistry research and development. The Division is also concerned with
public policy issues related to energy and fuels, such as the environmental impacts of fuel
use and the evaluation of options for resource utilization (e.g., fuel, chemical or material).
Division programming has remained strong in the traditionally important areas of the
utilization of coal, natural gas, and alternative fuels and feedstocks. Programming is being
increased in areas associated with the environmental effects of fossil fuel use, energy and
fuel production from biomass and waste, bioprocessing of fuels, recent developments in
fuel cells and batteries, and the production of high-value materials and chemicals from
Meetings - Programming at national and regional meetings, cosponsorship of an annual
symposium on Environmental Issues in Fuel Chemistry with the Petroleum and
Environmental Chemistry Divisions.
Publications - Fuel Chem News (sent prior to each national meeting), preprints of all
technical papers mailed prior to each National Meeting (four issues per year), Energy &
Fuels, home page on World Wide Web-http://www.anl.gov/PCS/acsfuel/.
Awards - Henry H. Storch Award for distinguished contributions to fuel science or
engineering, R.A. Glenn Award for the best paper at a National meeting, Distinguished
Service Award for sustained and distinguished contributions to the field of fuel chemistry.
Discounts - Discount on ACS symposium series publications, discount on student
subscriptions to Energy & Fuels.
Fuel Chemistry Division Logo
We are still trying to find the right logo for our Division. It would go on all our stationary,
the newsletter, and would be used to set us apart from the other 33 divisions of the
Amercian Chemical Society. We have had some good suggestions in the past but for some
reason or another none of them have been adopted as the logo. It needs to be approved by
the Executive Committee of the Fuel Chemistry Division. The logo should represent what
our Division means to us and the rest of the scientific community. Even if someone is not a
great artist, a rough sketch of what it could look like would be all that is needed at this
time. If someone contributes a logo that ends up being the one we use, they will receive a
free dinner for two at the restaurant of their choice the next time they attend an ACS
meeting. We will decide on a winner at the next Executive Committee Meeting in Las
Vegas. Please send all of your artisitic interpretations of the Fuel Chemistry Division to
Letters to the Editor
A new section of the newsletter called Letters to the Editor is being started. It will give
everyone who reads Fuel Chemistry News a chance to respond to something they have read
here or elsewhere on fuel science related matters. Contributors to this new section of the
newsletter are asked to send (preferably by e-mail) their letter to Tony Lizzio, lizzio@
geoserv.isgs.uiuc.edu. Letters to the Editor for the Spring and Summer editions of Fuel
Chemsitry News should be received by the editor no later than February 1 and June 1 of
that year, respectively.
Advertisements can now be placed in this newsletter as well as the preprints at very
reasonable rates. Either forum is a cost effective way to reach the international community
of fuel scientists. Advanced Fuel Research, Inc. and their spin-off company, On-Line
Technologies, Inc., report a good response from advertisements in the preprints and expect
similar results from the newsletter. Please consider this as one of your options if you have
goods or services that are of interest to the fuels research community.
Newsletter advertising rates are:
Description Size (in.)Fee ($)
Full Page 7 x 10 400
Half Page 7 x 5 300
Quarter Page 3.5 x 5 250
Business Card 3.5 x 2 80
Preprint advertising rates are:
Description1 Issue 2 Issues
Back Cover $400 $500
Inside Front $250 $350
Inside Back $250 $350
Any Page $250 $350
* 25% discount for annual (2 issue) advertising.
* an additional 25% will be charged for set up of
advertising copy which is not camera ready.
American Chemical Society
Division of Fuel Chemistry
1997 Executive Committee Members
Gerald P. Huffman
Consortium for Fossil Fuel Liquefaction Science
University of Kentucky
533 S. Limestone St., Room 111
Lexington, KY 40506-0059
606-257-4027, fax 606-257-7215
Donald C. Cronauer
Argonne National Laboratory
9700 South Cass Avenue, CHM/200
Argonne, IL 60439-4831
630-252-4121, fax 630-252-9288
Harold H. Schobert
Pennsylvania State University
Fuel Science Program
209 Academic Projects Bldg.
University Park, PA 16802
814-865-6511, fax 814-865-3075
Michael A. Serio
Advanced Fuel Research, Inc.
87 Church Street, P. O. Box 380379
E. Hartford, CT 06138-0379
860-528-9806 (ext. 105), fax 860-528-0648
Larry L. Anderson
Chem. & Fuels Engineering Dept./3290 MEB
University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112
801-581-5162, fax 801-581-5162
Anthony V. Cugini
Department of Energy
Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center
P. O. Box 10940
Pittsburgh, PA 15236-0940
412-892-6023, fax 412-892-4152
Karl S. Vorres
Director of Publications, Councilor
27 Windward Circle
Willowbrook, IL 60514-2227
(Nov 11-April 15)
3432 North Applewood
Tucson, AZ 85712-5478
Donald F. McMillen
333 Ravenswood Avenue
Menlo Park, CA 94025-3493
Anthony A. Lizzio
Illinois State Geological Survey
615 East Peabody Drive
Champaign, IL 61820
217-244-4985, fax 217-333-8566
Susan D. Brandes
Director of Advertising
Research & Development
4000 Brownsville Road
Library, PA 15129
412-854-6568, fax 412-854-6613
Membership, Alternate Councilor
SRI International, Inc.
333 Ravenswood Avenue
Menlo Park, CA 94025
415-859-2805, fax 415-859-6196
John C. Crelling
Director of Preprint Subscriptions
Department of Geology
Southern Illinois University
Carbondale, IL 62901-4324
618-453-7361, fax 618-453-7393
Howard P. Stephens
Long Range Planning
Process Research Department 6212
Sandia National Laboratories
Albuquerque, NM 87185-0709
505-844-9178, fax 505-845-9500
Until June 1997
Division of Chemical Sciences
Office of Basic Energy Sciences
USDOE, Germantown, MD 20874-1290
301-903-2367, fax 301 903-4110
Randall E. Winans
Director at Large
Argonne National Laboratory
Argonne, IL 60439-4831
630-252-7479, fax 630-252-9288
Director at Large
1261 Denniston Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15217-1328
412-624-9644, fax 412-624-9639
Eric M. Suuberg
Director at Large
Division of Engineering, Box D
Providence, RI 02912-9704
401-863-1420, fax 401-863-1157
G. Alex Mills
Cokesbury Village #48
726 Loveville Road
Hockessin DE 19707-1504
302-239-7050, fax 302-239-7050
William H. Calkins
Department of Chemical Engineering
University of Delaware
Newark, DE 19716
302-831-2213, fax 302-831-1048
Alan W. Scaroni
Pennsylvania State University
C208 Coal Utilization Lab
University Park, PA 16802
Kathleen A. Carrado
Program Chair, 1997
Argonne National Laboratory
9700 South Cass Avenue, CHM/200
Argonne, IL 60439-4831
630-252-7968, fax 630-252-9288
Program Co-Chair, 1998
2401 Fifth Avenue South
P. O. Box 401
Texas City, TX 77592-0401
409-943-2367, fax 409-943-2389
Program Co-Chair, 1998
National Center for Upgrading Technology
One Oil Patch Drive, Devon, Alberta,
Canada T0C 1E0
403-987-8708, fax 403-987-5349
James A. Franz
Program Chair, 1999
Dept. of Chemical Technology
Pacific Northwest Labs.
Box 999, MS #K2-10
Richland, WA 99352
509-375-2967, fax 509-375-2059
Program Chair, 2000
533 S. Limestone St. Suite 111
U. of Kentucky
Lexington, KY 40506-0043
606-257-4045, fax 606-257-7215