EESA Success Stories
SAE J1711: Argonne Researchers Recharge Plug-in Vehicle Standards
The question of how fuel economy and emissions are measured essentially comes down to how the vehicles are tested.
In 1999, the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) issued the SAE J1711 procedure to address hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) testing. Since that time, the technology has evolved considerably, creating a need for the procedure to be updated.
A prototype PHEV is evaluated at Argonne’s Advanced Powertrain Research Facility (APRF).
From 2006 to 2010, Argonne researchers led the SAE International task force
charged with revising SAE J1711, the recommended practice for developing the fuel economy and exhaust emissions test procedures of HEVs and PHEVs. To update the uniform chassis dynamometer testing methods, Argonne’s automotive research staff conducted several hundred tests on PHEVs in the lab’s state-of-the-art APRF.
SAE members approved the revised J1711 standard in June 2010. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has recently issued proposed rulemaking for reporting the fuel economy of advanced vehicles that specifically references SAE J1711 on many of the technical procedures required for PHEV testing. The use of "utility factors" to derive final results was also taken from the Argonne-led SAE committee work.
The passage of SAE J1711 is an important accomplishment that will encourage and support the nation’s move to electrified vehicles for petroleum savings.
"Until now, the fuel economy claims for plug-in hybrids were not calculated according to similar procedures, making car-to-car comparisons virtually impossible," Argonne principal engineer Mike Duoba said. "What makes this procedure—and other SAE-developed recommended practices—significant is that it represents the consensus procedures from many technical experts and that is why EPA typically considers them as the basis for the automotive regulations it promulgates."
- Poster: SAE J1711: Argonne Researchers Recharge Plug-in Vehicle Standards (798 kB pdf)